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University of Leipzig: (Seal of the
	      University of Leipzig)
Having been founded in 1409, the University of Leipzig can look back on almost 600 years of history. After Heidelberg, Leipzig's University is the second oldest in Germany and thus is among the oldest universities in Europe. Scholars of world-wide reputation have taught and done research at this institution, among them Johann Christoph Gottsched, Wilhelm Wundt and Wilhelm Ostwald. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Robert Schumann, Richard Wagner, Friedrich Nietzsche and Erich Kästner were students at the University of Leipzig.

Physics has been taught in Leipzig since the very beginning of the University. During the 19th century the physics department was marked by the work of Gustav Theodor Fechner, Wilhelm Weber, Paul Drude and Ludwig Boltzmann. Finally, in the past century the University of Leipzig advanced to become a centre of physics of world-wide reputation through the presence and engagement of Friedrich Hund and the nobel laureates Peter Debye, Werner Heisenberg and Gustav Hertz. Furthermore, in this period important physicists such as Felix Bloch, Edward Teller, Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker and Rudolf Peierls were students in Leipzig.

City of Leipzig: (Emblem of the City of
Leipzig, having gained the town charter in 1165, gained early importance as a town of trade and trade fairs by the award of coinage and trade fair rights. Great publishers such as Barth, Göschen, Brockhaus, Breitkopf, Reclam and Teubner made Leipzig a centre of letterpress and publishing.

Culturally, Leipzig has been most dominantly shaped by the work and presence of Johann Sebastian Bach, who served as cantor of the Leipzig Thomas church for 27 years. Starting in 1723 he conducted the world-famous choir of St. Thomas, the Thomanerchor, which from those days up to now enriches the weekend services of St. Thomas with its motets. In the following centuries Leipzig was the residence of further famous composers such as Robert Schumann and Felix Mendelssohn. The Leipzig concert hall Gewandhaus with its orchestra, currently conducted by Herbert Blomstedt, was the place of first performance of many of the classics in the history of music. Also, the Leipzig opera and the Leipzig playhouse offer a rich variety of top-class performances. You can find a multitude of interesting museums in Leipzig, of course, including a museum of Bach; among the museums are the classical art museum "Museum der bildenden Künste", the modern art gallery "Galerie für Zeitgenössische Kunst", but also more exotic exhibitions such as the coffee museum "Zum Arabischen Coffe Baum". For decades Leipzig has been known for its famous political revues and cabarets; amusing and fresh performances of local colour can be enjoyed for example at "Academixer", "Krystallpalast Varieté", "Leipziger Brettl", "Leipziger Funzel", "Pfeffermühle" or "Theater Sanftwut".

In the past ten years Leipzig has developed to a vibrant centre of cultural life; Leipzig city is regarded as the best reconstructed town in the German east. Within walking distance from the conference site, Leipzig city centre offers comfortable hotels as well as many new restaurants of all price ranges. Nearby, the centre offers manifold opportunities for a stroll or a shopping tour. Numerous street cafés radiate a mediterranean flair and invite you to welcome spring in Leipzig in March 2002.

Information about the touristic attractions and sights of Leipzig, including the Bach's Thomas church, the Nikolai church, which has been one of the centres of the peaceful German revolution of 1989, the old and new city halls or the "Vökerschlachtdenkmal", can be found at the online information desks of Leipzig city at www.leipzig.de or www.leipzig-online.de. Further links can be found on our links page.

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Timestamp: Wed Oct 24 15:57:51 2001